Transit Network Balance – Efficiency and Equity

Faced with the charge to support social equity while also maximizing the effectiveness of public funding, transportation agencies, particularly state departments of transportation (DOTs), need more guidance on how to measure equity so that they can identify and strengthen the services that produce the greatest social benefit—even when these services do not appear efficient. They need guidance on how to develop and apply transit efficiency and equity goals and performance measures for small urban and rural systems. Moreover, transportation agencies need to learn about effective practices for planning, funding, and operating services that balance efficiency and equity goals and make successful tradeoffs between these sometimes competing demands. This study seeks to address these needs by 1) identifying and defining common transit efficiency and equity goals and performance measures for small urban and rural systems; 2) presenting case studies of states in which transportation agencies have attempted to balance efficiency and equity goals; and 3) identifying best practices that balance efficiency and equity goals successfully. The study began with a literature review, which included a review of public transportation planning, program, and evaluation documents from more than 20 states, as well as a review of nation-wide studies related to transit performance. The research team then conducted interviews with nine state DOTs. Five states were selected for case study development. All the research was used to identify summary key findings and opportunities for improvement. Section 2 of this report briefly discusses the Federal requirements for Title VI and environmental justice and their relevance to this study. Sections 3 through 5 describe the research findings. The appendices include the interview questionnaire, a list of interviewees, and detailed literature review results.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Appendices; Bibliography; Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: 53p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01671746
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: NCHRP Project 20-65, Task 71
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 9 2018 2:32PM