Reduction of vertical abnormal vibration in carbodies of low-floor railway trains by using a dynamic vibration absorber

A field test on the dynamic performance of a 100% low-floor railway train with five cars was conducted, and a vertical vibration at around 8?Hz was mainly studied for the background of the research. The vibration around 8?Hz, defined as the abnormal vertical vibration, was proved to be due to the pitching motion of the carbodies, which significantly affected the dynamic performance of the vehicle with a maximum increase of 0.309 in the vertical Sperling index. The dynamic vibration absorber theory was applied to reduce the abnormal vibration of carbodies to around 8?Hz by building a vertical mathematic model and a three-dimensional dynamical simulation model. The results of the theoretical analysis show that the stiffness of the articulated device between carbodies is the reason for the pitching motions at around 8?Hz, and the stiffness significantly affects the main frequency of the vertical vibration of carbodies. What’s more, the application of dynamic vibration absorber theory on low-floor railway trains can reduce the vertical abnormal vibration effectively. Yet, reasonable suspension parameters are needed; otherwise, the vibration of carbodies, including the mass ratio, the suspension frequency, the damping ratio, and the suspended location would be aggravated. Optimal suspension parameters of the dynamic vibration absorber system were used in the simulation model, and the result shows a good agreement with the numerical results; the attached dynamic vibration absorber system on carbodies significantly reduces the vibration of carbodies at around 8?Hz. However, it should be noted that the dynamic vibration absorber is only effective at high-speed stage (beyond 40?km/h) where the pitching motion of carbodies is obvious; this conclusion is consistent with the results of the field test.


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  • Accession Number: 01669514
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 4 2018 12:02PM