Platooning of Connected Vehicles With Undirected Topologies: Robustness Analysis and Distributed H-infinity Controller Synthesis

This paper considers the robustness analysis and distributed H∞ (H-infinity) controller synthesis for a platoon of connected vehicles with undirected topologies. The authors first formulate a unified model to describe the collective behavior of homogeneous platoons with external disturbances using graph theory. By exploiting the spectral decomposition of a symmetric matrix, the collective dynamics of a platoon is equivalently decomposed into a set of subsystems sharing the same size with one single vehicle. Then, the author provide an explicit scaling trend of robustness measure γ-gain, and introduce a scalable multi-step procedure to synthesize a distributed H∞ controller for large-scale platoons. It is shown that communication topology, especially the leader’s information, exerts great influence on both robustness performance and controller synthesis. Furthermore, an intuitive optimization problem is formulated to optimize an undirected topology for a platoon system, and the upper and lower bounds of the objective are explicitly analyzed, which hints to the authors that coordination of multiple mini-platoons is one reasonable architecture to control large-scale platoons. Numerical simulations are conducted to illustrate the findings of the authors.


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  • Accession Number: 01671092
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TLIB, TRIS
  • Created Date: May 3 2018 10:54AM