Visual Processing in Expert Drivers: What Makes Expert Drivers Expert?
The aim of this study is to measure some visuo-cognitive mechanisms of expert drivers, and compare them to experienced, competent and novice drivers as a way of gaining an understanding of how expert drivers might differ from non-expert drivers. Instead of driving-related stimuli, the authors used non-driving visual and cognitive tasks that theoretically should underlie good driving skills, such as scanning the environment for targets, tracking multiple objects, identifying unexpected objects and tendency towards intrusive thought patterns. This design should minimize the influence of top-down factors such as familiarity, allowing us to focus more on stimulus-driven influences. The authors demonstrated that expert drivers performed better than non-expert, novice and young-competent drivers in tasks designed to reflect on-task performance such as continuous performance and task-intrusive-thoughts. However, in visual search, noticing the unexpected object in Inattentional Blindness (IB), and multiple object tracking in IB, expert drivers were the same as the two younger driver groups. The results suggest that – in driving at least – expertise is qualitatively different from experience, and driving expertise may be partially derived from superior skill in underlying core visuo-cognitive constructs. This finding is important for understanding driver training programs, but also in understanding the ‘backward transference’ of expertise to underlying cognitive-perceptual networks.
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- Abstract reprinted with permission of Elsevier.
- Pammer, Kristen
- Blink, Caroline
- Publication Date: 2018-5
- Media Type: Web
- Features: References;
- Pagination: pp 353-364
- Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
- Volume: 55
- Issue Number: 0
- Publisher: Elsevier
- ISSN: 1369-8478
- Serial URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13698478
- TRT Terms: Cognition; Driver performance; Professional drivers; Recently qualified drivers; Task analysis; Vision; Visual perception
- Subject Areas: Highways; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 01670024
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: May 2 2018 11:08AM