The Effects of Instruction and Environmental Demand on State Anxiety, Driving Performance and Autonomic Activity: Are Ego-Threatening Manipulations Effective?
A small yet emerging body of research on the relationship between anxiety and driving suggests that higher levels of state anxiety may lead to more dangerous driving behaviors. The aim of the current research was to investigate the effects of increased state anxiety on driving behaviors within a simulated environment using instructional sets to manipulate anxiety levels. In Study One, whilst a set of safety-related instructions were able to increase state anxiety, this did not result in changes to driving behaviors. In Study Two, ego-threatening instructions were not able to successfully increase state anxiety. This has implications regarding instructional sets in research, including their task relevance and the necessity for a motivational incentive. However, when changes in anxiety were considered regardless of instruction group, Study Two found changes in SDLP and skin conductance levels related to state anxiety increases. As these effects were context specific, it is argued that some of these changes may be due to poorer processing efficiency, leading to suggestions about the types of behaviors that may need to be trained in potential therapies for those who show high state anxiety levels whilst driving.
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- © 2018 M.P. Barnard and P. Chapman. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
- Barnard, M P
- Chapman, P
- Publication Date: 2018-5
- Media Type: Web
- Features: References;
- Pagination: pp 123-135
- Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
- Volume: 55
- Issue Number: 0
- Publisher: Elsevier
- ISSN: 1369-8478
- Serial URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13698478
- TRT Terms: Anxiety; Behavior; Driver education; Driver performance; High risk drivers; Highway safety; Motivation
- Subject Areas: Education and Training; Highways; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 01670004
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: May 2 2018 11:07AM