Vehicle deformation depth based injury risk function for safety benefit evaluation of crash avoidance and mitigation systems

As the delta-v-based injury models used to evaluate intelligent driving systems are always fitted with European or American crash database, they cannot achieve wide application in those countries where limited in-depth analysed crash data are recorded. An injury model which is based on easily accessible information, is urgently needed. In this study, a deformation depth based injury risk model is proposed to overcome the limitation of delta-v. First, a correlation between the vehicle deformation depth and occupant injury risk is verified from the aspects of retrospective safety assessment and stiffness cluster analysis using German in-depth accident study and national automotive sampling system–crashworthiness data system. Furthermore, injury risk-deformation functions are regressed for different stiffness clusters using the crash data. The fitting accuracy reaches 97%, higher than the existing literature. A novel safety benefit assessment simulation platform is built with the regressed injury risk model. Based on this platform, an autonomous emergency braking system is evaluated. Only 1% error of the safety benefit exists between the proposed model and the delta-v based one.


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  • Accession Number: 01672395
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 1 2018 2:52PM