The Midtown Circulation and Surface Transit Study was initiated in order to reduce congestion and thereby improve air quality, pedestrian and vehicular safety, and surface transit service and to enhance the urban environment in midtown Manhattan. The goal of the study was to develop and demonstrate low-capital cost, surface transit and other circulation improvements to relieve congestion resulting from the intense competition for street space in midtown. The objective of this report is to recommend a comprehensive circulation plan for midtown based on the findings of previously completed project tasks and the overall policy concepts as expressed by the project goals and objectives. In response to this objective, strategies are recommended herein for increasing the efficiency of the surface transportation system through improvements to the operational and physical elements of that system. It is concluded that low-cost capital improvement techniques such as exclusive bus lanes, turn restrictions, signal time revisions and parking restrictions, can be used in midtown to improve the efficienty of the surface transportation system. Since buses accommodate 48 percent of all midtown surface person miles traveled (PMT) is is also concluded that improvements to surface transit operations represent a primary method for increasing total system efficiency. Furthermore, to improve system efficiency to an optimum level given existing demand, a hierarchy of street use should be established. The strategies outlined above and described more fully in the body of this report are considered an incremental step in achieving such a street use hierarchy. (Author)

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Prepared for New York City Department of Transportation and New York Department of City Planning.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Edwards and Kelcey

    53 Park Place
    New York, NY  United States  10007
  • Publication Date: 1979-6

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: 35 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00314610
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 27 1981 12:00AM