In this article, the authors compare travel activity environment that contribute to the increase or decrease of physical activity by travel activities in neighborhood environment for the elderly. Travel activity environment was subdivided into purpose, means of transport, physical activity, time spent, intensity, and distance. The authors investigated the travel activity environment in two areas with different regional characteristics of new suburban town and urban area, and following points become clear. 1) In both the New Town and the urban area, the most frequent purpose for going out was “shopping and services”, the next was “walking and sports”. And going out with the purpose for “socializing” is few in the New Town, and it is many in the urban areas. 2) Major means of transportation for the elderly living in the New Town and the urban area was “walking”, and additionally in the urban area, the use of “bicycles” was also seen. These two moving means are used especially in neighborhood movements. Therefore, when analyzing the travel activity environment in the neighborhood, adding not only “walking” but also “bicycle” to analysis subjects is effective for grasping the actual situation.  3) The travel activity factors that influence the increase physical activity were “walking and sports” by walk or bicycle, “shopping and services” by walk or bicycle, and “socializing” by walk.  4) Looking at going out activities by walk, the influence of “walking and sports” was the largest, and the next was “shopping and services”. “Socializing” had few occurrences in the New Town, and it was a factor that causes the significantly difference in physical activity with the urban area. 5) Looking at going out activities by bicycle, effective activities for increase physical activity were “walking and sports” and “shopping and services”. In the urban area there are exercise facilities and shopping facilities within the range where they can be moved by bicycle. In addition, the topography is easy to use bicycles with less height difference. The above environment is considered to encourage the elderly to going out. The results showed that designing neighborhood environment to be activity-supportive could have a potential to contribute to increase physical activity in daily living for the elderly.


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  • Accession Number: 01669229
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)
  • Files: TRIS, JSTAGE
  • Created Date: Apr 30 2018 3:02PM