EXECUTIVE REPORT: MEASURING THE INFLUENCE OF SUBSIDIES ON TRANSIT EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS
The research is devoted to model development and data analysis in an effort to identify relationships between subsidies and transit performance. The theory underlying the determinants of the relationships is developed, and a justification is presented for the efficiency and effectiveness indicators to be tested. Each indicator, serving as the dependent variable, is regressed on relevant control variables, and on subsidies classified by source, use and control. For the sample of 55 observations from 1975-76, current levels of subsidies have increased riders per capita by 93 percent and expenses per vehicle hour by 9 percent over what they would have been if no subsidies had been provided. Subsidies have minor and generally insignificant effects on the six efficiency indicators, but state and local operating subsidies have significantly favorable impacts on the one effectiveness measure, riders per capita, resulting in increases of one to five riders for each dollar of subsidy.
- See also PB80-189269. Prepared in cooperation with Indiana Univ. Northwest, Gary.
University of Nebraska, OmahaAviation Institute, 60th and Dodge Street
Omaha, NE United States 68182-0508
Urban Mass Transportation AdministrationUniversity Research and Training Program, 400 7th Street, SW
Washington, DC United States 20590
- Barnum, D T
- Gleason, J M
- Publication Date: 1979-11
- Pagination: 25 p.
- TRT Terms: Data analysis; Economic efficiency; Finance; Government funding; Grant aid; Impacts; Mathematical analysis; Measurement; Measures of effectiveness; Passenger service; Performance; Productivity; Public transit; Revenues; Ridership; Statistical analysis; Subsidies; Transportation; Urban transportation
- Uncontrolled Terms: Effectiveness; Efficiency
- Subject Areas: Administration and Management; Data and Information Technology; Finance; Operations and Traffic Management; Transportation (General); I10: Economics and Administration;
- Accession Number: 00314435
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-NE-11-0002-FER Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: DOT-UMTA-NE-11-0002
- Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Sep 16 2003 12:00AM