Relationships among Passenger Kilometers of Travel, Vehicle Stock, Public Transportation, and Traffic Congestion

This paper analyzes the aggregate passenger kilometers of travel (PKT) within a simultaneous model of aggregate public transportation, vehicle stock, and traffic congestion. The authors measure these effects by three stages of least squares (3SLS) method, using the panel data at the city and provincial levels of China for the years 2004 to 2012 and at the national levels of Japan for the years 1960 to 2004. The authors pay more attention on the effects of public transportation, and find improvements in public vehicles will increase the demand of public transportation (0.137 in China and 0.089 in Japan), resulting in a decrease in congestion (-0.206 in China and -0.120 in Japan). The authors consider the increase in PKT caused by the growth of lane kilometers as induced traffic and incorporate the effects of overall road network accessibility and urban capacity. They also consider the effects of vehicle stock and traffic congestion.


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  • Japanese

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  • Accession Number: 01675943
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)
  • Files: TRIS, JSTAGE
  • Created Date: Apr 25 2018 3:07PM