HIGH ALTITUDE POLLUTION PROGRAM STRATOSPHERIC MEASUREMENT SYSTEM LABORATORY PERFORMANCE CAPABILITY REPORT CHEMICAL CONVERSION TECHNIQUES

This report documents the laboratory measurements made to resolve specificity questions concerning the chemical conversion techniques for measurement of stratospheric trace species NO2, N2O5, and HNO3 to NO (Which is the measurable species). Particular emphasis was placed on the conversion of NO2 to NO by both catalytic and photolytic converters, thermal conversion of N2O5 and HNO3 to N02 with and without possible interfering gases, and the feasibility of measuring total odd-nitrogen concentration using catalytic thermal conversion to NO. The laboratory measurements were generally carried out at ppm concentrations at STP conditions. The GEARS/EPISODE computer code was used to model both the laboratory reactions and the behavior of the technique at stratospheric conditions. The laboratory measurement and stratospheric simulations lead to the recommendation to develop a flight prototype of a Hybrid Gas Conversion System consisting of a number of instrumentation modules. The first module would be a Total Odd-Nitrogen module (and NO) based on high temperature catalytic conversion of the odd-nitrogens and chemiluminescent detection of NO. The second module would be an NO2/NO module based on NO2 photolysis and NO chemiluminescent detection. Other modules could consist of an O3 UV photometer, and N2O gas chromatograph, and other appropriate modules that are ready at flight time. (Author)

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • See also Rept. no. FAA-AEQ-78-10, AD-A059 330.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Perkin-Elmer Corporation

    Norwalk, CT  USA 

    Federal Aviation Administration

    William J. Hughes Technical Center, Airport Technology Research and Development Branch
    Atlantic City International Airport
    Atlantic City, NJ  USA  08405
  • Authors:
    • Macoy, N H
    • Weingarten, R
    • Pires, A
    • Poultney, S K
  • Publication Date: 1980-2

Media Info

  • Pagination: 214 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00314421
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: PE-14262, FAA/EE-80-11
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-FA77WA-4080
  • Files: NTIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Sep 16 2002 12:00AM