The influence of external factors on children's travel mode: A comparison of school trips and non-school trips

This study examined travel patterns of pupils from four secondary schools in Austria and Germany. Their mobility behavior was examined using a one-week travel diary in a typical school week. This paper examines objective determinants (in particular settlement pattern and trip characteristics) of mode choice. The authors used a Bayesian approach for nonlinear Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) of binary response variables to assess the effects of external factors on the choice of travel modes. The focus lies on the competitiveness between car and transit. The results indicate that children's modal choices are influenced by trip length and the service quality of motorized modes. A key finding is that school trips and non-school trips are very different. School trips are quite affine to transit even in rural areas, given a sufficient service quality, which can easily be provided by a school bus system. Long school trips increase the frequency of transit use. Non-school trips, however, are much more affine to car ridership, if trip length exceeds the range for walking and cycling.


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  • Accession Number: 01670479
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 23 2018 5:04PM