THE STATUS OF CEMENT AND CONCRETE R AND D IN THE UNITED STATES
Data presented show that the level of research and development (R&D) in the cement and concrete industry in the United States is inadequate to meet current needs and future challenges. Specific areas of concern are identified, and various incentives for and barriers to R&D are discussed. Emphasis is placed on the need for a vigorous, coordinated basic research and development establishment (civilian, academic, and governmental) coupled with an efficient mechanism for technology transfer to commercial practice. This mature industry is moving slowly to enlarge and improve its physical plant and increase its production efficiency but is doing little to learn more about its products. Foreign developments are used as examples of what can be done with proper planning and adequate capital outlays. Recommendations are made where specific efforts are required for economic, institutional, and technological improvement. These include some nontechnical suggestions, such as increasing governmental and industrial support for R&D and reexaming some of the barriers to R&D caused by legislative restraints on vertical integration and lack of tax incentives. Technical issues identified are the need for an interdisciplinary approach to experimental, theoretical, and modeling studies; an increase in studies of basic mechanisms of cement hydration and development of strength in concrete and in studies of long-term durability under extreme environments; and the efficient utilization of energy and resources by the industry. An independent research and development facility is suggested as one way to get the proper nucleus of people together to examine critically various industry-wide problems of immediate and long-range concern.
- Sponsored in part by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.
Department of Defense1400 Wilson Boulevard
Arlington, VA USA 22209
National Aeronautics and Space Administration400 Maryland Avenue, SW
Washington, DC USA 20546
- Publication Date: 1980
- Pagination: 117 p.
- TRT Terms: Admixtures; Cement; Cement additives; Concrete; Concrete construction; Development; Durability; Incentives; Management; Product development; Project management; Research; Research projects; Technology; Technology assessment; Technology transfer
- Uncontrolled Terms: Industrial management; Projects; Research and development
- Old TRIS Terms: Concrete products
- Subject Areas: Administration and Management; Education and Training; Highways; Materials; Research; I32: Concrete;
- Accession Number: 00314254
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: NMAB-361, Final Report
- Contract Numbers: MDA903-74-C-0617
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Aug 27 2002 12:00AM