Polyampholyte polymer as a stabiliser for subgrade soil

This study evaluates the potential of selected ionic polymers to act as pavement subgrade binders. Investigations were based on their relative performance with a Qatari soil which was selected as typical of a pavement subgrade to be found in the Middle East and North African region. The polymeric binders chosen were three synthetic ionic variations of polyacrylamide: cationic poly(acrylamidopropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride) (designated PAMTAC), anionic hydrolysed poly(acrylamide) (HPAM) and the ampholitic terpolymer poly(acrylamide-co-sodiumacrylate-co-(3-acrylamidopropyl) trimethylammonium chloride) (TPAM). The polymers were characterised by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and nuclear magnetic spectroscopy (¹H-NMR and ¹³C-NMR). The comparative performance of the polymer-treated soil was judged on the basis of results obtained from selected standard mechanical test data: specifically, the unconfined compressed strength, the stiffness modulus and the toughness. It is concluded that a 50% w/w aqueous solution of the ampholitic terpolymer applied at a dosage of 2.0% by dry weight of the soil gives the best subgrade stabilisation. Of some significance, it is further noted that this ampholitic polymer was superior as a binding agent to the traditional standard, Portland cement, judged under equivalent but nonstandard conditions. Modifying the polymer to act as a binder for subgrade soils in general is also discussed.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Abstract reprinted with permission of Taylor & Francis.
  • Authors:
    • Rodriguez, Ana K
    • Ayyavu, Chandramohan
    • Iyengar, Srinath R
    • Bazzi, Hassan S
    • Masad, Eyad
    • Little, Dallas
    • Hanley, Howard J M
  • Publication Date: 2018-6

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01669023
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 17 2018 3:00PM