USE OF SODIUM AZIDE IN GAS GENERANTS FOR INFLATABLE RESTRAINT SYSTEM INFLATORS

The report presents a comprehensive summary of the chemistry and hazard aspects of sodium azide, a chemical anticipated to be used as a constituent in gas generants for inflatable automotive occupant restraint system inflators. Sodium azide has been safely manufactured and handled in large quantities since its discovery almost one hundred years ago. Other applications of azides include pesticides, herbicides, soil fumigants, wood preservatives, antihypertensive drugs and laboratory reagents. It is concluded that the benefit-to-risk-ratio of lives saved and injuries avoided by inflatable restraints versus accidental poisonings by gas generant chemicals is so many orders of magnitude above 1.0 that the use of toxic chemicals in inflators appears to be justified.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Rocket Research Corporation

    Redmond, WV  USA 

    Automative Occupant Protection Association

    Arlington, VA  USA 
  • Authors:
    • Schmidt, E W
    • Day, D J
  • Publication Date: 1979-8-22

Media Info

  • Pagination: 119 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00314221
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: RRC-79-ES-105A, AOPA-1001-REV-A
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 27 2002 12:00AM