Effect of wind gusts on the dynamics of railway vehicles running on a curved track

Due to global warming, there is an increasing number of wind gusts that affect the stability of railway vehicles. A railway vehicle running on a curved track during a wind gust is subjected to multiple forces simultaneously, which include the centrifugal force and forces exerted by the wind gust and cant, and they significantly affect the vehicle’s dynamic characteristics as well as its safety. The forces increase the vibration of carbodies and the risk of derailment and overturning of cars; the effect is worse on irregular tracks. In order to review the phenomenon in detail, a 1/20 scale model of a railway vehicle was built to measure the aerodynamic coefficients in five directions—side force, lift force, roll moment, pitch moment, and yaw moment—through a wind tunnel test. The data collected were applied as external forces to a full-scale railway vehicle model traveling on a curved track. Using a multibody simulation software program, SIMPACK, a railway vehicle was modeled, which was then used in the simulation of the dynamic characteristics and safety of vehicles while traveling on a curved track during a wind gust. Using the actual measured track data from the curved zone, a comparison was made on the dynamic characteristics of the car traveling, with and without a wind gust, on a curved track with a railway curve radius of 599?m; also, the difference was analyzed with the direction of the wind gust blowing from inside and toward the center of curvature. The results showed that in the presence of a wind gust blowing from outside the curvature with an average speed of 25?m/s it is advisable to stop train services on grounds of safety.


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  • Accession Number: 01667517
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 6 2018 3:44PM