Factors promoting and impeding precautionary evacuation behaviour

In July 2012, 23 people in Aso area, Japan died as the result of a landslide; subsequently, 36 people on Izu Island and 74 people in Hiroshima city died after landslides in October 2013 and August 2014, respectively. In all three instances, localized torrential raining occurred in the late evening and all three local governments were hesitant to issue the recommended evacuation warning for the predicted heavy rains in each locality. These unfortunate disasters led the Kumamoto Prefecture to introduce a precautionary evacuation to Aso city and Minamiaso village, but the participation rate of precautionary evacuation has been very low. This study aims to find the factors that promote and impede precautionary evacuation behaviour. The authors effectuate the covariance structure analysis of preventive evacuation behaviour based on protection motivation theory. The authors find that the main cause promoting precautionary evacuation behaviour was fear of the natural disaster. The factors impeding precautionary evacuation behaviour were predominantly psychological aspects such as the annoyance and hassle of moving to a shelter or staying at a shelter with others.


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  • Accession Number: 01666464
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 4 2018 3:03PM