Seventeen propulsion system concepts for electric vehicles were compared to determine the differences in components and battery pack to achieve the basic performance level. Design tradeoffs were made for selected configurations to find the optimum component characteristics required to meet all performance goals. The anticipated performance when using nickel-zinc batteries rather than the standard lead-acid batteries was also evaluated. The two systems selected for the final conceptual design studies included a system with a flywheel energy storage unit and a basic system that did not have a flywheel. The flywheel system meets the range requirement with either lead-acid or nickel-zinc batteries and also the acceleration of zero to 89 km/hr in 15 s. The basic system can also meet the required performance with a fully charged battery, but, when the battery approaches 20 to 30 percent depth of discharge, maximum acceleration capability gradually degrades. The flywheel system has an estimated life-cycle cost of $0.041/km using lead-acid batteries. The basic system has a life-cycle cost of $0.06/km. The basic system, using batteries meeting ISOA goals, would have a life-cycle cost of $0.043/km.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Garrett Corporation

    9851 Sepulveda Boulevard South
    Los Angeles, CA  United States  90045
  • Authors:
    • Raynard, A E
    • Forbes, F E
  • Publication Date: 1979-8

Media Info

  • Pagination: 157 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00313767
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: NASA-CR-159651, DOE/NASA/0081-79/1
  • Contract Numbers: EC-77-A-31-1044,, DEN3-81
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 26 1980 12:00AM