FRESH WATER EXPORT BY OIL TANKERS

An economic model was developed to study the potential for fresh water export to arid oil exporting nations by returning oil tankers. Currently Very Large Crude Carriers (VLCC) are ballasted with salt water for their return trip, however, most tanker ports in the U.S. are located in 'water excess' zones such as the Gulf Coast and North Atlantic states giving easy access to fresh water loading. Costs associated with water export are those for pipes, right-of-ways, intake towers, and water treatment facilities. The model estimates the capital expenditure necessary for a water export facility and the water rate (dollars/1000 gallons) required to liquidate that capital. The model has six components that are described in detail. Results of a North Atlantic deep water port example are given to illustrate the model with non-site-specific conditions being estimated.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Prepared in cooperation with California State Univ., Chico. Dept. of Civil Engineering.
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Maine, Orono

    Land and Water Resources Center
    Orono, ME  USA  04469

    Office of Water Research and Technology

    C Street between 18th and 19th Streets, NW
    Washington, DC  USA  20242
  • Authors:
    • Mow, M
  • Publication Date: 1979-10

Media Info

  • Pagination: 30 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00313445
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Final Rpt.
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 26 1980 12:00AM