FRESH WATER EXPORT BY OIL TANKERS
An economic model was developed to study the potential for fresh water export to arid oil exporting nations by returning oil tankers. Currently Very Large Crude Carriers (VLCC) are ballasted with salt water for their return trip, however, most tanker ports in the U.S. are located in 'water excess' zones such as the Gulf Coast and North Atlantic states giving easy access to fresh water loading. Costs associated with water export are those for pipes, right-of-ways, intake towers, and water treatment facilities. The model estimates the capital expenditure necessary for a water export facility and the water rate (dollars/1000 gallons) required to liquidate that capital. The model has six components that are described in detail. Results of a North Atlantic deep water port example are given to illustrate the model with non-site-specific conditions being estimated.
- Prepared in cooperation with California State Univ., Chico. Dept. of Civil Engineering.
University of Maine, OronoLand and Water Resources Center
Orono, ME USA 04469
Office of Water Research and TechnologyC Street between 18th and 19th Streets, NW
Washington, DC USA 20242
- Mow, M
- Publication Date: 1979-10
- Pagination: 30 p.
- TRT Terms: Analysis; Arid land; Ballast (Ships); Ballast tanks; Cost estimating; Costs; Economic analysis; Economic models; Estimates; Expenses; Exports; Feasibility analysis; Fresh water; International trade; Marine terminals; Offshore structures; Oil spills; Pipe; Sewage treatment; Ships; Tankers; Water consumption; Water resources
- Uncontrolled Terms: Cost analysis; Water treatment
- Old TRIS Terms: Deep water; Economic analysis (Fresh water export); Fresh water export; Tanker ballasting; Water supply
- Subject Areas: Bridges and other structures; Economics; Finance; Marine Transportation; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00313445
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: Final Rpt.
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jun 26 1980 12:00AM