Driving and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suffer from various impairments of cognitive, emotional and social functioning, which can have considerable consequences for many areas of daily living. One of those areas is driving a vehicle. Driving is an important activity of everyday life and requires an efficient interplay between multiple cognitive, perceptual, and motor skills. In the present study, a selective review of the literature on driving-related difficulties associated with ADHD is performed, seeking to answer whether individuals with ADHD show increased levels of unsafe driving behaviors, which cognitive (dys)functions of individuals with ADHD are related to driving difficulty, and whether pharmacological treatment significantly improves the driving behavior of individuals with ADHD. The available research provides convincing evidence that individuals with ADHD have different and more adverse driving outcomes than individuals without the condition. However, it appears that not all individuals with ADHD are affected uniformly. Despite various cognitive functions being related with driving difficulties, these functions do not appear helpful in detecting high risk drivers with ADHD, nor in predicting driving outcomes in individuals with ADHD, since impairments in these functions are defining criteria for the diagnoses of ADHD (e.g., inattention and impulsivity). Pharmacological treatment of ADHD, in particular stimulant drug treatment, appears to be beneficial to the driving difficulties experienced by individuals with ADHD. However, additional research is needed, in particular further studies that address the numerous methodological weaknesses of many of the previous studies.

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    • © 2017 Anselm B Fuermaier, et al.
  • Authors:
    • Fuermaier, Anselm B
    • Tucha, Lara
    • Evans, Ben Lewis
    • Koerts, Janneke
    • de Waard, Dick
    • Brookhuis, Karel
    • Aschenbrenner, Steffen
    • Thome, Johannes
    • Lange, Klaus W
    • Tucha, Oliver
  • Publication Date: 2017-2

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01677690
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 8 2018 4:19PM