Straight ahead running of a nonlinear car and driver model – new nonlinear behaviours highlighted

The paper deals with the bifurcation analysis of a validated simple model describing a vehicle+driver running straight ahead. The mechanical model of the car has two degrees of freedom and the related equations of motion contain the nonlinear tyre characteristics. The driver is described by a very simple model. Bifurcation analysis is adopted for characterising straight ahead motion at different speeds for different drivers. A nonlinear sensitivity analysis is performed as a function of the driver's parameters and forward vehicle speed. A wealth of unreferenced bifurcations is discovered both for the understeering (UN) and for the oversteering (OV) vehicle. For the UN vehicle, a supercritical Hopf bifurcation may occur as the forward speed is increased. Also tangent (fold) bifurcations (saddle-node bifurcation of limit cycles) occur as the speed (or disturbance) is further increased. For the OV vehicle, a subcritical Hopf bifurcation occurs as the speed reaches a critical value. The preview distance (a driver's control parameter) plays a fundamental role in straight ahead driving. Either too short or too long preview distances are negative for straight ahead running.


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  • Accession Number: 01666747
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 8 2018 3:01PM