PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF GASOLINE/ALCOHOL AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Non-petroleum derived alcohols are likely candidates for near-future use as alternative automotive fuels. Low molecular weight alcohols may be used alone or in combination with gasoline, but either usage presents its own unique set of advantages and disadvantages. This report addresses the physical property changes (both beneficial and detrimental) which occur when alcohols are added to gasoline as fuel extenders. The experimental data and discussion of results cover four physical property areas: water tolerance, vapor pressure, distillation characteristics, and octane quality. The alcohols include methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, i-butanol, and synthetic methyl fuel. Several additional alcohols were tested, but only as gasoline/methanol cosolvents. The major objective of the physical properties study was to determine the interdependency among the variables which are responsible for the significant property changes so that, where possible, gasoline/alcohol properties can be estimated from blend composition. Trends are also discussed in terms of the general influences of system variables.
- Published in "Alcohol Fuels Technology International Symposium (3rd) Proceedings", Vol. 2, 1979. Symposium held in Asilomar, CA, 28-31 May 1979.
Department of EnergyBartlesville Energy Research Center
Bartlesville, OK United States 74003
- Cox, F W
- Publication Date: 1979
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 14 p.
- TRT Terms: Antiknock compounds; Distillation; Ethanol; Fuel mixtures; Gasohol; Methanol; Physical properties; Vapor pressure
- Old TRIS Terms: Butanols; Propanols
- Subject Areas: Energy; Highways; Materials;
- Accession Number: 00313067
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: HS-028 701
- Files: HSL, TRIS
- Created Date: May 7 1984 12:00AM