A flight experiment was conducted to investigate air-to-ground propagation of sound near grazing incidence. A turbojet-powered aircraft was flown at low altitudes over the ends of two microphone arrays. An eight-microphone array was positioned along a 1850 m concrete runway. The second array consisted of 12 microphones positioned parallel to the runway over grass. Twenty-eight flights were flown at altitudes ranging from 10 m to 160 m. The acoustic data recorded in the field reduced to one-third-octave band spectra and time correlated with the flight and weather information. A small portion of the data was further reduced to values of ground attenuation as a function of frequency and incidence angle by two different methods. In both methods, the acoustic signals compared originated from identical sources. Attenuation results obtained by using the two methods were in general agreement. The measured ground attenuation was largest in the frequency range of 200 to 400 Hz. A strong dependence was found between ground attenuation and incidence angle with little attenuation measured for angles of incidence greater than 10 to 15 degrees.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Langley Research Center

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Hampton, VA  United States  23665
  • Authors:
    • Willshire, WLJ
    • Hilton, D A
  • Publication Date: 1979-11

Media Info

  • Pagination: 71 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00312767
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: NASA-TM-80185
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 7 1980 12:00AM