Associations of Long-Term Exposure to Air Pollution and Road Traffic Noise with Cognitive Function - An Analysis of Effect Measure Modification

Adverse effects of traffic-related air pollution (AP) and noise on cognitive functions have been proposed, but little is known about their interactions and the combined effect of co-exposure. Cognitive assessment was completed by 4086 participants of the population-based Heinz Nixdorf Recall cohort study using five neuropsychological subtests and an additively calculated global cognitive score (GCS). The authors assessed long-term residential concentrations for size-fractioned particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxides with land use regression. Road traffic noise (weighted 24-h (LDEN) and night-time (LNIGHT) means) was assessed according to the EU directive 2002/49/EC. Linear regression models adjusted for individual-level characteristics were calculated to estimate effect modification of associations between AP and noise with cognitive function. The authors used multiplicative interaction terms and categories of single or double high exposure, dichotomizing the potential effect modifier at the median (AP) or at an a priori defined threshold (road traffic noise). In fully adjusted models, high noise exposure increased the association of AP with cognitive function. For example, for an interquartile range increase of PM2.5 (IQR 1.43), association s with GCS were: estimate (beta)=-0.16 [95% confidence interval: -0.33; 0.01] and beta=-0.48 [-0.72; -0.23] for low and high LDEN, respectively. The association of noise with GCS was restricted to highly AP-exposed participants. The authors observed stronger negative associations in those participants with double exposure compared to the addition of effect estimates of each single exposure. The study suggests that AP and road traffic noise might act synergistically on cognitive function in adults.

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    • Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Authors:
    • Tzivian, Lilian
    • Jokisch, Martha
    • Winkler, Angela
    • Weimar, Christian
    • Hennig, Frauke
    • Sugiri, Dorothea
    • Soppa, Vanessa J
    • Dragano, Nico
    • Erbel, Raimund
    • Jockel, Karl-Heinz
    • Moebus, Susanne
    • Hoffmann, Barbara
  • Publication Date: 2017-6

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01729626
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 2 2018 4:05PM