The relationship between personalities and self-report positive driving behavior in a Chinese sample.
Driving behaviors play an important role in accident involvement. Concretely speaking, aberrant driving behaviors would cause more accidents, and oppositely positive driving behaviors would promote to build safety traffic environment. The main goals of this study were to explore the positive driving behavior and its relationship with personality in a Chinese sample. A total of 421 licensed drivers (286 male and 135 female) from Beijing, China completed the Positive Driver Behavior Scale (PDBS), the Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ), the Dula Dangerous Driving Index (DDDI) and the Big Five Inventory (BFI) on a voluntary and anonymous basis. The results showed that the Chinese version of the PDBS has both reliability and validity and that the PDBS was significantly correlated with the BFI. Specifically, the PDBS was negatively correlated with neuroticism (r = -0.38) and positively correlated with extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness and openness to experience (the correlation coefficient ranged from 0.36 to 0.55). In contrast with previous research, age was negatively correlated with the PDBS (r = -0.38) in the authors' sample, which may have resulted from less driving experience or a lack of available cognitive resources.
- Record URL:
- © 2018 Biying Shen et al.
- Shen, Biying
- Qu, Weina
- Ge, Yan
- Sun, Xianghong
- Zhang, Kan
- Publication Date: 2018
- Media Type: Web
- Features: Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: e0190746
Open Access (libre)
- TRT Terms: Behavior; Drivers; Personality; Questionnaires; Traffic safety
- Uncontrolled Terms: Self-reporting
- Geographic Terms: Beijing (China)
- Subject Areas: Highways; Planning and Forecasting; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 01665882
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Mar 2 2018 4:05PM