Development of an Overlay Design Procedure for Composite Pavements

The composite overlay design procedure currently used by ODOT sometimes produces very large overlay thicknesses that are deemed structurally unnecessary, especially for composite pavements already with thick asphalt overlays. This study was initiated to investigate the cause(s) and to develop a revised procedure. The current ODOT pavement overlay thickness design procedure is based on the structural deficiency approach recommended by the 1993 AASHTO Pavement Design Guide. The current procedure uses a simple, closed form procedure to back-calculate the subgrade modulus and the effective modulus of the existing pavement structure from the measured Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) surface deflections. The simplistic treatment of the AC and PCC layers as a combined layer in the back-calculation model was found to significantly underestimate the moduli of the existing pavement. A three-layer elastic model is adopted in lieu of the two-layer model used in the current procedure for back-calculation. The three-layer model allows the composite pavement structure to be modeled more accurately. The elastic moduli of the asphalt concrete layer and the underlying Portland cement concrete can both be back-calculated, instead of being combined as one. A revised overlay design procedure has been developed. A comparison of the revised procedure and the current procedure shows that the three-layer model produces higher effective thickness than the two-layer model for the same pavement structure. Therefore, the required overlay thickness is reduced. The revised design software has been implemented into a design software program, which also offers an optional feature that takes into consideration the temperature effects on the asphalt concrete moduli.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 98p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01663402
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA/OH-2017-23
  • Contract Numbers: SJN 13483
  • Created Date: Mar 1 2018 10:07AM