Optimal cooperative guidance with guaranteed miss distance in three-body engagement

The three-body engagement where a target aircraft protects itself by using a cooperative defender missile to intercept an attacking missile is investigated. It is formulated as a constrained linear quadratic optimal problem. Two different optimal cooperative guidance laws for the target and defender are proposed in two cooperation schemes. Since any control effort to reduce the miss distance to smaller than missile’s lethal radius is wasted, the guidance laws are derived to achieve an upper bound on the missile–defender miss distance. In the two-way cooperation scheme, the target and the defender act as a team. How the target makes a trade-off between aiding the defender and evading the missile is investigated by considering both the missile–target zero-effort miss distance and the control effort into the cost function. Without the penalty weight on the missile–target zero-effort miss distance, the two-way minimum control effort guidance laws are available. In the one-way cooperation scheme, the target uses a known evasion strategy independently. The optimal cooperative guidance law is derived for minimizing the control effort of the defender. Simulation results show that these proposed guidance laws can provide a specified missile–defender miss distance and save the control effort compared with the zero-miss-distance guidance law. Two-way cooperation scheme outperforms one-way cooperation scheme.


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  • Accession Number: 01667807
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 27 2018 4:50PM