THE COMPETITIVE SITUATION OF LONG DISTANCE FREIGHT TRANSPORT. RAIL BOUND TRANSPORT OR LORRY? THE TRANSPORT SUPPLY AND THE COMPANIES' SELECTION OF TRANSPORT SOLUTIONS

KONKURRENSSITUATIONEN FOER LAANGVAEGA GODSTRANSPORTER. JAERVAEG ELLER LASTBIL? TRANSPORTUTBUDET OCH FOERETAGENS VAL AV TRANSPORTLOESNINGAR

Lorry and rail bound transport are responsible for the main part of the long distance freight transport in Sweden. The competition between these means of transport has also been apprehended as a central question in the traffic policy debate. This report presents (a project which is aimed at showing) how the selection of transport mode is affected by the properties of the transport modes. A basic opinion in the project is that the supply determines the customer's choice of transport mode, which on its part affects the total transport costs and by that the total transport demand. There is thus a need to better predict the consequences of different changes, whether they be technical, organizational, economic, traffic or political. Examples of such changes are development of container transport systems, the introduction of system transport, increasing energy costs and changed principles for cost responsibility and tariff directions. As a base for the project a model is developed to explain how the supply system affects the demand of transport. This model concluded: (1) description of the supply system for every means of transport (2) description of the demand system for different goods classes and customers (3) functions for connections between the supply and demand system. This part of the project shows (a) empirical studies of connections between supply and demand at local level, company level, production level and level of goods class and (b) a study of the customers' materials administration and an analysis of the customers' knowledge and valuation of the supply. (TRRL)

  • Corporate Authors:

    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden

    Institute for Traffic Planning, Fack S-10044
    Stockholm,   Sweden 
  • Authors:
    • LANDBORN, J
    • Nelldal, B-L
  • Publication Date: 1978-11-6

Language

  • Swedish

Media Info

  • Features: Figures;
  • Pagination: 23 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00312101
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Meddelande NR 48 Monograph
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 22 1980 12:00AM