Compaction and Freeze-Thaw Degradation Assessment of Recycled Aggregates from Unseparated Construction and Demolition Waste

Although previous studies attested to the feasibility of using recycled aggregates from unseparated construction and demolition waste (UCDW aggregates) in unbound layers of road pavements, the degradation caused by compaction and freezing action under simulative conditions has not been investigated yet. To investigate the effects of these two sources of degradation on resilient modulus (RM), three UCDW aggregates were collected from different plants in the Turin area and compared with a natural (NAT) aggregate. Partially-saturated specimens of UCDW aggregates at the optimal moisture content (wopt) and at wopt±2% were prepared at the gyratory shear compactor with 30 and 100 gyrations, and by subjecting specimens to 0, 4 and 8 two-day freeze–thaw cycles from -18 °C to +20 °C. Brittle and weak components of UCDW aggregates (crushed concrete, bricks) generate fine particles in the first part of the compaction process (in the first 30 gyrations). Freeze–thaw action led to a clear increase in the resilient modulus of UCDW specimens compacted at wopt and wopt+2%. A similar trend in RM was observed in the case of NAT aggregate in similar moisture conditions, while both UCDW and NAT exhibited a slight decrease for some samples prepared at wopt-2%. Under more severe but non–simulative testing conditions such as those currently used to select conventional granular materials, UCDW aggregate exhibits lower performances than NAT aggregate. Conversely, when evaluated in more simulative test conditions, the behaviour of UCDW aggregate is comparable to that of NAT one.


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  • Accession Number: 01664545
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 5 2018 11:28AM