Measuring Access to Healthcare and Education by Car and Public Transport in 18 Cities Across the World

This paper showcases an approach to measure accessibility to healthcare and education amenities by public transport and car in 18 cities from all over the world. To reach this goal, crowd-sourced and open-source data such as OpenStreetMaps and Global Transit Feeds are used to extract the location of amenities and compute travel times to said locations. This study develops location based accessibility indicators, measuring access to the closest school and hospital weighted by population. Past studies that develop similar accessibility indicators focus on a specific city or region, specializing the developed indicator and preventing cross city comparisons. The obtained results are additionally decomposed to the two key elements of accessibility, land-use and transport efficiency, in an effort to understand the impact of each in the indicator. The results show that land use has a bigger effect on accessibility, since cities with higher amenity density tend to perform better, but transport efficiency is also important. Overall big European cities outscore cities from other regions of the world, especially when it comes to access by public transport.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper was sponsored by TRB committee ADB50 Standing Committee on Transportation Planning Applications.
  • Authors:
    • Papaioannou, Dimitrios
    • Nicolas, Wagner
  • Conference:
  • Date: 2018


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 14p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01664095
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 18-04584
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Mar 23 2018 10:32AM