Leveraging Large-Truck Technology and Engineering to Realize Safety Gains: Video-Based Onboard Safety Monitoring Systems

In 2015, large trucks (trucks with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 10,000 pounds) were involved in 414,958 crashes that resulted in 116,000 injuries and 4,067 fatalities (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, 2016). The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety identified the potential of several large-truck advanced safety technologies as promising countermeasures to reduce these crashes. Advanced safety technologies may use sensors or alerts to warn a driver of a possible collision, actively assume control of a vehicle in situations where a driver does not react to the threat of an imminent crash, or improve driver and fleet management (e.g., monitoring vehicle safety systems and drivers’ hours-of-service status). Although some advanced safety technologies may be effective at preventing crashes, it is also important to know whether they are cost-effective, as this information may assist consumers in purchasing advanced safety technologies and/or government regulators in mandating their use. The objective of this research was to provide scientifically-based estimates of the societal benefits and costs of advanced safety technologies in large trucks (i.e., the impacts an advanced safety technology may have across the entire society if implemented) in order to (1) allow the Department of Transportation to make informed decisions related to potential regulations on advanced safety technologies, and (2) promote the adoption of cost-effective advanced safety technologies to motor carriers. To accomplish this objective, an in-depth literature synthesis of 14 advanced safety technologies was completed, an expert advisory panel informed cost and benefit estimations for all advanced safety technologies (based on the literature review and their experience and knowledge), and benefit-cost analyses were performed on selected advanced safety technologies. The advisory panel recommended the following four technologies for benefit-cost analysis: video-based onboard safety monitoring systems, lane departure warning systems, automatic emergency braking systems, and air disc brakes. This report presents the results related to video-based onboard safety monitoring systems. See other AAA Foundation reports for analyses of automatic emergency braking systems, lane departure warning systems, and air disc brakes.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 69p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01648191
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 3 2017 2:44PM