Evaluating Transportation Diversity: Multimodal Planning for Efficient and Equitable Communities

Transportation diversity refers to the variety of mobility and accessibility options available in a particular situation, including various modes, services and destinations. A transport system must be diverse in order to serve diverse demands, including the needs of people who cannot, should not or prefer not to drive. Multimodal planning that increases transport system diversity tends to increase efficiency, equity and resilience, and achieve specific planning goals including congestion reduction, infrastructure savings, affordability, improved mobility for non-drivers, traffic safety, increased public fitness and health, environmental protection and support for strategic development objectives. Conventional planning undervalues many of these benefits, resulting in less diverse, more automobile-dependent communities than is optimal. This paper examines consumer demands for non-auto travel options, the roles that various modes play in an efficient and equitable transport system, transport diversity benefits, and methods for determining optimal transport system diversity.

  • Record URL:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • © 2017 Todd Alexander Litman.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Victoria Transport Policy Institute

    Victoria, British Columbia  Canada 
  • Authors:
    • Litman, Todd
  • Publication Date: 2017-7-19


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 41p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01643710
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 16 2017 12:08PM