Joint Source and Relay Secure Beamforming for Nonregenerative MIMO Relay Systems With Wireless Information and Power Transfer

Simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) is able to prolong the lifetime of energy-constrained wireless networks. In this paper, the authors study the security issue of a nonregenerative multiple-input multiple-out (MIMO) relay system with SWIPT. When the full channel state information (CSI) of the eavesdropper is available, the authors aim to maximize the secrecy rate under the source and relay transmit power constraints and energy-harvesting (EH) constraints at the multiple EH receivers by jointly designing the source and relay beamforming matrices, which is a nonconvex optimization and is still an open problem. In order to enhance the secrecy rate effectively, the authors first transform the optimization into a difference of convex programming and propose a sequential parametric convex approximation-based iterative algorithm which is able to achieve a local optimum. To reduce the complexity, the authors also propose a singular value decomposition (SVD) generalized SVD-based method to simplify the optimization into a joint source and relay power allocation problem. The alternating optimization is employed to find a suboptimal solution of the joint power allocation problem. When the CSI of the eavesdropper is unknown, the authors propose an artificial-noise (AN) aided joint source and relay beamforming scheme, which can maximize the AN power to jam the eavesdropper under the limited source and relay transmit power and satisfy the quality of service of the receiver. Simulation results have shown the effectiveness of the authors' proposed schemes.


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  • Accession Number: 01646361
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 22 2017 4:45PM