Evaluation of horizontal and moment bearing capacities of tripod bucket foundations in sand

Bearing capacities of tripod bucket foundations differ from those of single bucket foundations because of the interaction among individual buckets of the tripod. This study analyzed the bearing capacities of tripod bucket foundations in medium and dense sands by performing a series of 3D finite element analyses. The sandy soil was modeled by using an elasto-plastic model following the Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion. The Young's modulus of the sands increased with depth because of the stress-dependency of the modulus. Parametric studies were performed, in which the spacing between each bucket, the embedded depth of the bucket, the bucket diameter, and the magnitude of vertical loading were varied. Results showed that the horizontal bearing capacities of tripod bucket foundations reached the maximum values at a spacing ratio of S/D=1.5 to 3.5 for the foundation with an embedment ratio of L/D=0.5 to 1 (where S is the bucket spacing, D is the bucket diameter, and L is the skirt length of the tripod bucket). However, the moment bearing capacities increased linearly as the S/D ratios increased. Finally, bearing capacity equations were proposed in consideration of bucket spacing, embedment depth, effect of foundation diameter and vertical load, and soil density.


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  • Accession Number: 01645069
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 29 2017 11:58AM