Trip and Parking Generation at Transit-Oriented Developments

The decision of how best to allocate land around transit stations is a debated topic, with transit officials often opting for park-and-ride lots over active uses such as multifamily housing, office, and retail organized into transit-oriented developments (TODs). In practice, guidelines for providing parking and mitigating vehicle trips come mainly from the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) Trip Generation Manual and the ITE Parking Generation Manual. However, both manuals have well-known shortcomings. The goal of this study is to determine how many fewer vehicle trips are generated at TODs, and how much less parking is required at TODs, than ITE guidelines would suggest. To answer these questions, the authors measure trip and parking generation at five TODs using a methodology that is the most robust published to date.

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  • Summary URL:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This research was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Transportation, University Transportation Centers Program.
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Utah, Salt Lake City

    College of Architecture and Planning
    375 South 1530 East
    Salt Lake City, UT  United States  84112-0370

    Fehr and Peers Associates


    Nelson/Nygaard Consulting Associates


    National Institute for Transportation and Communities

    Portland State University
    P.O. Box 751
    Portland, OR  United States  97207

    Research and Innovative Technology Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Ewing, Reid
    • ORCID 0000-0002-4117-3456
    • Tian, Guang
    • Lyons, Torrey
    • Stinger, Preston
    • Weinberger, Rachel
    • Kaufman, Ben
    • Shivley, Kevin
  • Publication Date: 2017-1


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Figures; Maps; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 121p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01641038
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: NITC-RR-767
  • Created Date: Jul 16 2017 7:00PM