Effects of blade rotation on axial turbine tip leakage vortex breakdown and loss

The tip leakage vortex breakdown occurs under a few conditions in modern turbines, which leads to extra vortex breakdown losses, but the mechanisms of vortex breakdown and its influencing factors still remain unclear. This paper is a continuation of the previous effort and focuses on the effect of blade rotation on the leakage vortex dynamics in an unshrouded turbine. The analyses on leakage vortex breakdown characteristics are first shown, and then the isolating effects of relative casing motion and Coriolis and centrifugal forces on leakage vortex breakdown and loss are investigated. Based on these, the overall effects of blade rotation on leakage vortex breakdown characteristics are examined. Results indicate that the scraping effects of the casing endwall have a great influence on the blade tip leakage vortex breakdown and loss. However, the effect of Coriolis and centrifugal forces is relatively small. Although the mismatch of both velocity components of the leakage flow and the main flow becomes slightly small with the casing motion, the blade tip mixing loss per unit leakage flow increases due to the fact that the leakage vortex breaks down in advance.


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  • Accession Number: 01641155
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 17 2017 9:33AM