MIGRATION OF ANTIOZONANT FROM NEOPRENE HOSE COVERS

Certain fuel line hoses having neoprene covers and nitrile inner tubes and test slabs of these materials were subjected to accelerated heat, fuel, and ozone exposure. Results indicate some neoprene hose covers can lose ozone resistance after severe test exposure to heat and/or fuel circulation. Chemical analysis indicates that one type of antiozonant, nickeldibutyldithiocarbamate, is extracted out of the neoprene cover by fuel circulation through the inner nitrile tube. Similarly, heat aging causes a migration of this antiozonant from the neoprene cover into the nitrile tube. These two factors are largely responsible for the loss of ozone resistance. Extraction of plasticizing oil also occurs during fuel circulation with subsequent hardening of hoses. However this contributes only in a secondary manner to the observed loss of ozone resistance. Test conditions for candidate fuel line hoses are recommended to provide improved ozone resistance.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Presented at SAE Passenger Car Meeting, Dearborn, Michigan, 11-15 June 1979.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Society of Automotive Engineers

    400 Commonwealth Drive
    Warrendale, PA  USA  15096
  • Authors:
    • Wyzgoski, M G
  • Publication Date: 1979-6

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00303445
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Engineering Index
  • Report/Paper Numbers: SAE 790658, HS-029 325U
  • Files: HSL, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 30 1984 12:00AM