CERAMICS IN HEAT ENGINES
Recent improvements in high performance ceramics have given a new impetus for the advancement of heat engines. The thermal efficiencies of the Otto, Diesel, Brayton, and the Stirling cycle can now be improved by higher operating temperatures, reduced heat loss, and exhaust energy recovery. Although physical and chemical properties of the high performance ceramics have been improved significantly, they still fall short of meeting the requirements necessary for application and commercialization of advanced heat engine concepts. Aside from the need for greater strength, the problems of consistency, quality, design, material inspection, insulative properties, oxidation, and other important features must be solved before high performance ceramics can be considered a viable material for advanced heat engines. Several approaches in developing an adiabatic engine design in the laboratory are shown. Other possible future improvements such as the minimum friction unlubricated engine through the use of ceramics are also described.
- Preprints from SAE Meeting, June 11-15, 1979.
Warrendale, PA United States 15096
- Kamo, R
- Bryzik, W
- Publication Date: 1979-6
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 11 p.
- Society of Automotive Engineers Preprint
- Publisher: Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)
- TRT Terms: Air engines; Ceramic materials; Design; Development; Diesel engines; Gas turbines; Heat cycle; Heat engines; Research; Stirling engines; Superchargers; Thermal efficiency; Utilization; Vehicle power plants
- Uncontrolled Terms: Research and development
- Old TRIS Terms: Automobile engines; Brayton system; Supercharging
- Subject Areas: Design; Geotechnology; Highways; Materials; Research; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00303364
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Engineering Index
- Report/Paper Numbers: SAE 790645
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jan 30 1980 12:00AM