Compensatory damages: Wetland creation could lead to the spread of disease

In order to replace or enhance wetland habitats that are destroyed or significantly impacted by the construction or widening of highways, a number of states and the federal government use what is known as "compensatory mitigation." Many potential environmental benefits are provided by such mitigation, such as enhancing or restoring wetlands functions and maintaining existing levels of biodiversity in areas impacted by road construction. However, with such mitigation, there is the potential for negative ecological consequences, such as the increase of the spread of what are termed "emerging wildlife diseases," which are fungal, bacterial or viral infectious diseases that have a negative impact on wildlife populations. Their distribution and prevalence is often enhanced by anthropogenic factors, as was the case with the White-Nose Syndrome (WNS) in bat populations in the U.S. and Canada. Other examples of negative impacts are explored in this article, along with research into provide potential solutions, such as decontaminating equipment and boots each time staff move between wetland sites.


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  • Accession Number: 01639283
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 27 2017 4:10PM