Five year drying of high performance concretes: Effect of temperature and cement-type on shrinkage

This experimental study imposes limited relative humidity (RH) gradients to small mature concrete samples, at a constant temperature T = 20, 50 or 80°C. Mass loss and shrinkage are recorded until stabilization at each RH and T, for up to 1991 days. Firstly, the mass loss data are consistent with those presented in former research (on different samples of the same batch). After presenting and analyzing shrinkage kinetics, experimental data are fitted with usual models for shrinkage prediction, at each temperature of 20, 50 and 80°C. An adequate match is obtained by combining capillarity (i.e. Vlahinic's model coupling poro-elastic constants and water saturation level) and desorption (Bangham's equation). Subsequently, relative mass variation (RMV) is plotted against drying shrinkage data. Three distinct phases are obtained at 20 or 50°C and down to 30% RH; up to four distinct phases are observed at T = 80°C and down to 12% RH. The latter are confirmed by experiments on (60°C; 7% RH) dried concrete. The four phases in the (RMV, drying shrinkage) diagram are interpreted against shrinkage data on mature cement paste dried at 60°C; 7% RH and against the literature.


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  • Accession Number: 01638164
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 19 2017 11:00AM