Human-Centered Feed-Forward Control of a Vehicle Steering System Based on a Driver's Path-Following Characteristics

To improve vehicle path-following performance and to reduce driver workload, a human-centered feed-forward control (HCFC) system for a vehicle steering system is proposed. To be specific, a novel dynamic control strategy for the steering ratio of vehicle steering systems that treats vehicle speed, lateral deviation, yaw error, and steering angle as the inputs and a driver's expected steering ratio as the output is developed. To determine the parameters of the proposed dynamic control strategy, drivers are classified into three types according to the level of sensitivity to errors, i.e., low, middle, and high. The proposed HCFC system offers a human-centered steering system (HCSS) with a tunable steering gain, which can assist drivers in tracking a given path with smaller steering wheel angles and change rate of the angle by adaptively adjusting steering ratio according to driver's path-following characteristics, reducing the driver's workload. A series of experiments of tracking the centerline of double lane change (DLC) are conducted in CarSim and three different types of drivers are subsequently selected to test in a portable driving simulator under a fixed-speed condition. The simulation and experiment results show that the proposed HCSS with the dynamic control strategy, as compared with the classical control strategy of steering ratio, can improve task performance by about 7% and reduce the driver's physical workload and mental workload by about 35% and 50%, respectively, when following the given path.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01639423
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TLIB, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 1 2017 4:37PM