Radio Environment Map-Aided Doppler Shift Estimation in LTE Railway

Due to the high mobility of high-speed trains (HSTs), Doppler shift estimation has been a big challenge for HSTs. In this paper, the authors consider an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) system based on the long-term evolution (LTE) railway standard and design the novel Doppler shift estimation algorithm. By exploiting features of HSTs, i.e., regular and repetitive routes and timetables, resulting in a predictable Doppler shift curve, a radio environment map (REM) including the Doppler shift information can be constructed via field tests. Based on REM, a maximum a posteriori estimator (MAPE) is proposed to provide an accurate estimation of Doppler shift. It uses the estimation from REM (REME) as a priori knowledge and exploits the cyclic prefix (CP) structure of OFDM to provide a maximum a posteriori estimation. The Cramer–Rao lower bounds (CRLBs) are derived. The performance of MAPE is evaluated via simulations and compared to that of REME, the classical CP-based estimator, and other existing methods. It is shown that MAPE significantly outperforms the existing methods in terms of both estimation mean square error (MSE) and bit error rate.


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  • Accession Number: 01638501
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 23 2017 11:40AM