Energy-Aware Dynamic Selection of Overlay and Underlay Spectrum Sharing for Cognitive Small Cells

Small cell (SC) base stations with cognitive capabilities are seen as an efficient way to cope with interference between the SC base stations and macrocell base stations (MBSs). Cognitive SCs may access the spectrum by means of overlay or underlay mode. An efficiency of the overlay mode fully depends on the activity of macrocell users (MUEs), since insufficient resources remain for small cell users (SUEs). Contrarily, the main weakness of the underlay mode is that it can result in low transmission efficiency due to restricted transmission power. Apart from the transmission efficiency of both modes, an energy consumption of the SCs should not be disregarded. Thus, the authors propose a centralized scheme selecting the spectrum sharing mode in the downlink, according to both the SUEs’ throughput and the energy consumption of the SCs. The objective is to maximize the overall performance of the SCs, while their energy consumption is taken into account. Then, the authors also propose a distributed algorithm in order to decrease complexity and signaling overhead of the centralized scheme. The results show that the proposed dynamic selection significantly outperforms all competitive schemes in terms of the SUEs’ throughput, while the throughput of MUEs is intact, and only negligible signaling overhead is generated in the case of the proposed distributed algorithm. Moreover, the proposed algorithm is able to notably decrease the energy consumption of the SCs.


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  • Accession Number: 01638400
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 18 2017 1:49PM