Development of Alternative Concrete Bridge Superstructure Systems for Short and Medium Span Bridges

Two new concrete bridge superstructure systems for short and medium span bridges are presented. The investigated systems consist of adjacent hollow precast concrete beams with and without concrete topping. The proposed configurations are compared with traditional adjacent box beam and decked bulb tee systems for spans that range from 24.4 m to 45.7 m. It is demonstrated that the proposed system that features concrete topping (PS2) is lighter than the adjacent box beam system, requires fewer strands, provides shallower superstructure depths, and exhibits lower cambers for spans equal to 24.4 m and 30.5 m. PS2 addresses the reflective cracking problems manifested in adjacent box beam systems by shifting the location of the longitudinal connections to the bottom flange and away from traffic loads. The system that features no topping (PS4) is slightly heavier than the decked bulb tee system, but features shallower superstructure depths, requires fewer strands, and exhibits lower live load deflections and camber. Transverse bending moments demand in PS4 are reduced compared to the decked bulb tee system due to the smaller span provided by the two web supports. Live load distribution factors (LLDF) for PS2 and PS4 can be conservatively estimated using American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) provisions for adjacent box and decked bulb tee systems, respectively.


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  • Accession Number: 01636383
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 26 2017 11:31AM