DYNAMIC SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF THE CONNECTICUT TURNPIKE

This paper summarizes the findings of a study of the long-term social and economic impacts of the Connecticut Turnpike on the eastern Connecticut region. Data developed in a 1965 report, The Connecticut Turnpike--A Ribbon of Hope, were updated and the dynamics of change in the highway corridor were investigated. Changes in population, manufacturing employment, retail sales, and assessed property values were related to increases in accessibility afforded by the Connecticut Turnpike and were compared for towns adjacent to the turnpike and for control towns in the eastern Connecticut region that were not located on the turnpike. Findings from the study indicate that the Connecticut Turnpike has had a continuing influence on the level and distribution of population and economic activity in the eastern Connecticut region. During the first 6 years the turnpike was in operation, only the eastern Connecticut towns located directly on the turnpike grew faster in population than the state as a whole. Since then, towns throughout the entire eastern Connecticut region have grown faster than the rest of the state. Although increases in population were widespread throughout the region, increases in manufacturing employment, retail sales, and land values were concentrated in towns along the turnpike. Moreover, among the turnpike towns significant differences in impact were found. The study concludes that the Connecticut Turnpike has had a significant long-term impact on the eastern Connecticut region, but that not all towns in the region have shared equally in that growth. (Author)

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; Maps; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 28-32
  • Monograph Title: Local and regional development and transportation needs
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00302416
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309029635
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jan 30 1980 12:00AM