ESTIMATING SOCIOECONOMIC IMPACTS OF TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS

This study develops a methodology to estimate the socioeconomic impacts of multimodal transportation plans and programs in Maryland. The impacts include government expenditures of plan implementation, socioeconomic impacts of expenditures (i.e., personal income, employment, and population), displacement of businesses and households, and land use, accessibility, safety, and socioeconomic impacts of new transportation services and facilities (i.e., personal income, employment, and population). The programs evaluated include the Port of Baltimore; Baltimore-Washington International Airport; general aviation airports; rail (commuter and intercity) facilities; mass transit (bus and rail rapid transit); Interstate, primary, and secondary highway systems; low-capital improvements; and operating programs. The methodology consists of 26 impact-estimating equations, each of which was developed for statewide, regional, and county levels of detail. As a test application, the equations were used to evaluate the impacts of a 20-year $10-billion Maryland transportation plan. Socioeconomic impacts related to expenditures and new facilities or services were shown to generate $18 billion in personal income over this period with an average annual employment impact of 48000 jobs and an average annual population impact of 100000 people. The Baltimore region experienced the largest impact (83 percent of total statewide impacts). The Baltimore city and Baltimore county areas experienced 60 percent of the Baltimore region's impact. (Author)

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures;
  • Pagination: pp 9-20
  • Monograph Title: Local and regional development and transportation needs
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00302414
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309029635
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jan 30 1981 12:00AM