Influence of different loads on the stresses of multistage axial compressor rotors

Multistage axial compressors are widely used in the gas turbine engines. The strength of rotors is one of the key factors for the reliability of multistage axial compressors. The stresses of rotors at real working conditions can be caused by the centrifugal load, thermal load, and aerodynamic load. It is important to figure out the roles and the mechanism of the three kinds of loads in the stresses generating process. In this paper, the stresses of rotors in a typical five-stage axial compressor are calculated with different kinds of loads by solid–fluid coupling method. The results show that the proportion of the stress caused by centrifugal load is more than 80% of the total stress, which is dominant. The maximum proportion of the stress caused by thermal load is about 20% of the total stress at the front stages. However, the influence of thermal load is quite different from the first stage to the last stage. It is surprising that thermal load can decrease the stresses of the last stage rotor, which is mainly because of the variation of radial temperature gradient at disks for different stages. The proportion of the stress caused by aerodynamic load is usually less than 4%, and it tends to make the stresses at the suction side of the blades lower and enlarge it at the pressure side. According to the above results, centrifugal load is necessary of consideration at the conceptual design phase for the multistage axial compressor rotors. At preliminary three-dimensional design phase, centrifugal load and thermal load should be considered together. At optimized three-dimensional design phase, aerodynamic load cannot be neglected and all the three loads should be considered.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01634154
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 14 2017 12:18PM