Improvement in the stability of a turbocharger centrifugal compressor by tip leakage control

The occurrence of surge or stall in a centrifugal compressor and the role of the tip clearance flow in the instability in the centrifugal compressor are investigated in this study. A computational method is used to study the flow field in the centrifugal compressor in order to gain a better understanding of the surge or stall mechanism. It is found that, near surge or stall conditions, the tip leakage flow at the leading edge deflects more upstream; as the deflection increases, a more severe spillage occurs which finally leads to instability of the compressor. A ring air jet injection is used to eliminate the instabilities and to extend the stable flow range of the compressor. Using an air jet injection, the stable flow range of the compressor was successfully increased with minimal decrease in the efficiency of the compressor. The effects of different injection parameters such as the mass flow, the yaw angle, the injection angle, the slot width and the slot distance on the compressor flow field are studied, and an optimum design for the air jet injection is developed. Further investigation of the compressor with the optimum injection configuration shows that, near surge or stall conditions, the tip leakage at the leading edge is still under control, manifesting a much smaller spillage than does the Dresser–Rand Datum compressor without an air injection. The dominant factor for the instability of the compressor with an injection is found to be the leading-edge separation rather than the tip leakage.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01633435
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 14 2017 8:51AM