Impacts of High Resolution Data on Traveler Compliance Levels in Emergency Evacuation Simulations

In this paper, we conducted a comparison study of evacuation assignment based on Traffic Analysis Zones (TAZ) and high resolution LandScan United States of America (USA) Population Cells (LPC) with detailed real world roads network. A platform for evacuation modeling built on high resolution population distribution data and activity-based microscopic traffic simulation was proposed. This platform can be extended to any cities in the world. The results indicated that evacuee compliance behavior affects evacuation efficiency with traditional TAZ assignment, but it did not significantly compromise the performance with high resolution LPC assignment. The TAZ assignment also underestimated the real travel time during evacuation. This suggests that high data resolution can improve the accuracy of traffic modeling and simulation. The evacuation manager should consider more diverse assignment during emergency evacuation to avoid congestions.

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    • Copyright © 2017, Springer. The contents of this paper reflect the views of the author[s] and do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the Transportation Research Board or the National Academy of Sciences.
  • Authors:
    • Lu, Wei
    • Han, Lee
    • Liu, Cheng
    • Bhaduri, Budhendra
  • Publication Date: 2017-5

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01633092
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 11 2017 10:44AM