Secure Communication via a Wireless Energy Harvesting Untrusted Relay

The broadcast nature of the wireless medium allows unintended users to eavesdrop on confidential information transmission. In this regard, the authors investigate the problem of secure communication between a source and a destination via a wireless energy harvesting untrusted node that acts as a helper to relay the information; however, the source and destination nodes wish to keep the information confidential from the relay node. To realize the positive secrecy rate, the authors use destination-assisted jamming. Being an energy-starved node, the untrusted relay harvests energy from the received radio-frequency (RF) signals, which include the source's information signal and the destination's jamming signal. Thus, the authors utilize the jamming signal efficiently by leveraging it as a useful energy source. At the relay, to enable energy harvesting and information processing, the authors adopt power splitting (PS) and time switching (TS) policies. To evaluate the secrecy performance of this proposed scenario, the authors derive analytical expressions for two important metrics, viz., the secrecy outage probability and the ergodic secrecy rate. The numerical analysis reveals design insights into the effects of different system parameters such as PS ratio, energy harvesting time, target secrecy rate, transmit signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), relay location, and energy conversion efficiency factor, on secrecy performance. Specifically, the PS policy achieves better optimal secrecy outage probability and optimal ergodic secrecy rate than that of the TS policy at higher target secrecy rate and transmit SNR, respectively.


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  • Accession Number: 01633554
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 28 2017 10:44AM